On March 16, 1521 This way of life could have had a great affect on the languages at this time (Bautista). This is a comprehensive practice exam for a Philippine History book. The official languages are Filipino, which is based on Tagalog with words from other native languages, and English. From the 10th AD century Filipinos tr… The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony during the 16th century. The conquistadores, friars and native nobles were granted estates, in exchange for their services to the King, and were given the privilege to collect tribute from its inhabitants. In return, the person granted th… The native Pampango also engaged in trade that brought them in contact with people beyond their immediate surroundings. 1521 1521 1886 1901 1934 1946 Next: 1965-present About 25,000 B.C. Spain’s rule of the Philippines began soon after the explorer Ferdinand Magellan discovered the islands in 1521. Since the languages come from a common root anyway, it is often hard to distinguish which words are simply descended from the same roots and which have been borrowed later from another Filipino language. The first task was the reduction, or relocation of indigenous Filipinos into settlements. The Spanish conquistadores reigned for nearly 400 years until 1898 when the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American War. Linguistics 450 At this time English was still the official language of the Philippines, however, Japanese certainly influenced the various dialects during this time as well. The languages of the Philippines were heavily influenced by Chinese at this time, and probably by many of the other languages to which they were exposed as well. Over the course of its development, Tagalog (and other languages of the Philippines) have been influenced by Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, English, and many other languages, in trade and in occupations by various countries. The people of the Philippines were not united under one government, but were under many smaller governments, and they had many different languages and many different dialects of each language. The El Banco Español Filipino de Isabel II (now the Bank of the Philippine Islands) was the first bank opened in the Philippines in 1851. There were many reasons given for this change. Although an end to the insurrection was declared in 1902, … Because it was under Spanish rule for 333 years and under U.S. tutelage for a further 48 years, the Philippines has many cultural affinities with the West. Debates continued back and forth in America and in the Philippines as to whether the official language of the country should be English or one of the other native languages. The first locally produced film is thought to be La Vida de Rizal, a story about José Rizal.Rivals quickly produced a second film about Rizal, La Pasion Y Muerte de Dr. Rizal, which opened the same day.Produced by foreigners, both films employed sarswela troupes acting out the parts.. Because of these various conditions, the priests were sluggish and hesitant, even in the face of direct orders from the government, to implement Spanish teaching programs in Filipino schools. By the 1300s, a number of the large coastal settlements had emerged as trading centers, and became the focal point of societal changes. Skeletal remains of an extinct rhinoceros dating to the mid-Pleistocene have been found at an archaeological site on the island of Luzon. When the Filipinos insisted on having equal rights with the rest of the Spanish people, and were not given them, they rebelled against the Spanish government and set up their own republic. Since only 55 percent of residents speak Filipino fluently, English is used in colleges, universities, the courts, and the government. This test consists of up to 90 important questions. Many barangays would cluster together for safety and protection. The first American hero of World War II was killed in combat in the Philippines. However, by that time, the priests already enjoyed a great deal of power because of their position between the Spanish crown and the Filipino people. Stone tools were also found adjacent to the bones. They were ceded to the United States in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. Philippine-American War, war between the United States and Filipino revolutionaries from 1899 to 1902, an insurrection that may be seen as a continuation of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule. What makes it funny is the broken English lyrics, but the story is as close to the actual events as most Filipinos know. The Spanish quickly organized their new colony according to their model. The principal aim of Spain in the Philippines during their regime was to make the native Filipinos obedient and God-fearing Christians. The Historical Development of the Philippine National Language. It is the largest surrender of American and Filipino troops in military history. Philippine Revolution (1896–98), Filipino independence struggle that exposed the weakness of Spanish colonial rule but failed to evict Spain from the islands. They wanted to maintain this separation, and saw that by preventing the Filipinos from learning Spanish, they could do so In addition, they feared that if the native people learned Spanish, they would be more likely to be proud and rebel against the government (Frei, 16). The Tagalog word for “history” is kasaysayan. While not directly concerning the country, this little historical … This list includes only 100 major events that influenced Philippine history from the 14th century to the end of the 20th century. This is a definite indication that a tool-using species was present … Some of these included the adoption of the Spanish number system in many settings, especially when dealing with money, and adoption of Spanish household and religious words. Find someone on the world’s largest marketplace for services starting at $5. Spanish was still not known by very many of the native people. This they did, gaining a strong influence over the Filipino people. A major development emerging in the post-World War I period was resistance to elite control of the land by tenant farmers, who were supported by the Socialist Party and the Communist Party of the Philippines. Today the Philippines is an archipelago of 7,000 islands. Part I: Magellan, Rizal, and Philippine independence by David Johnson and Shmuel Ross B.C. During World War II, Japan occupied the Philippines for three years (Bautista). It was part of the agreement of American occupation that in 1946, the Philippines would become independent of the US again. The Philippines: Then and Now. As well, when Tafts commission (which had been established to continue setting up the government in the Philippines) asked the native people what language they wanted, they asked for English (Frei, 33). At that time, Tagalog became the official language of the Philippines, this change having been decided about ten years later and having begun already to be implemented in the educational system. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. The Spanish-American War brought Spain’s rule in the Philippines to an end in 1898 but precipitated the Philippine-American War. Continue reading “Short Historical Background”. The history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 describes the period of the American colonialization of the Philippines.It began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, when the Philippines was still a colony of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognized the independence of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946. It should show you the areas that you need to study more on. Tagalog: A History of the Language of the Philippines. The Filipino people depended on the priests for all of their religious instruction (and basically any education) and for understanding of any laws or ordinances that came from Spain. Filipino (English: / ˌ f ɪ l ɪ ˈ p iː n oʊ / (); Wikang Filipino [wɪˈkɐŋ ˌfiːliˈpiːno]), also known as Pilipino, is the national language (Wikang pambansa / Pambansang wika) of the Philippines.Filipino is also designated, along with English, as an official language of the country. This spread could have also contributed new words and concepts to the existing languages. The agricultural sector produced food that was more than sufficient. The book “Philippine Myths, Legends, and Folktales” by Maximo Ramos contains the story of how the sun became brighter than the moon. A Filipino Helped Found Los Angeles. Additionally, the languages of the Philippines continue to borrow words from one another. Other dialects spoken in the Philippines include Cebuano, Ilokano, Waray-Waray, Hiligaynon, Pangasinan, Bikol, Maranao, Maguindanao, Tausug, and Kapampangan, but the official language, … Several English words have also found their way into Tagalog and other Filipino languages, and are simply conjugated and adjusted to fit the conventions of the languages into which they are adapted. The leader of a barangay was called a Datu. Until they saw a small Limasawa island Political organizations developed quickly, and the popularly elected Philippine Assembly (lower house) and the U.S.-appointed Philippine Commission (upper house) served as a bicameral legislature. Not that the country had not had a history and a culture and a literature before! Linguistic Affiliation. Some examples are the English word "transfer" which is used in some languages to mean "move" (as in "magtransfer kami sa Maynila""we are moving to Manila") and the English "adjust" which is used with the same meaning (as in "maaram ko mag-adjust""I know how to adjust"). However it is believed that during the last ice age they were joined to mainland Asia by a land bridge, enabling human beings to walk from there. Since Tagalog was the primary language spoken in Metro Manila and nearby provinces, it became a leading candidate. The Islam religion was brought to the Philippines in the 14th century (Bautista). As a result of the Treaty of Paris, Spain surrendered the Philippines, marking the end of Spanish colonial rule and the beginning of American control. The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. We cannot fully understand the society in the Philippines if we don’t have any glimpse in the history of the Philippines. Among both categories, these words do not always have the same meanings in the different languages, in fact, one must be careful not to make embarrassing errors! In the Philippines, it is family first. A graduate of West … As a result of the Treaty of Paris, Spain surrendered the Philippines, marking the end of Spanish … The late President Corazon Aquino, as well as the EDSA People Power Revolution, are best remembered through the iconic… Manuel Quezon was elected president and was tasked with preparing the country for independence after a 10-year transition. The period of Spanish rule brought many borrowed words into the Tagalog language from Spanish. Some examples of borrowed words are the Spanish words for fork, spoon, knife, table, God, holy spirit, Jesus Christ, and blessing. Philippine history is made up of thousands of events that happened from the earliest period ever documented to the present. In a period of heavy struggle and conflict, Filipinos of different backgrounds united with a common goal: to resist colonialism. English began to be taught in the schools to all. Before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, the people lived in small towns called barangays. In addition, various occupations of the region by different nations has brought the Filipino languages in to direct contact with many other languages, which have also had their influence. History however is the study of the past. Philippine history believes that it started in the coming of the Spaniards.The history of the Philippines will bring out your love for the country. There was also foreign trade with Japan, China, Borneo, Sumatra, Thailand, Cambodia, and other islands in the area (Bautista). The Americans began English as the official language of the Philippines. After the war ended, the United States granted the Philippines independence on July 4, 1946, ending nearly 50 years of American government. Continue reading “Battle of Bataan & Death March”, Continue reading “From Cory Aquino to PGMA”. (Bautista). The Tagalog word for “history” is kasaysayan. However, some representatives opposed it, as they believed … The rule of the United States over the Philippines had two phases. Their position in the Pacific Ocean so near Asia has allowed them many opportunities for trade and correspondence with other nations and languages. More recent immigrants include Chinese beginning in the ninth century CE and Spanish conquistadors in the sixteenth. These are the lyrics to the funny Magellan song of Filipino singer Yoyoy Villame about one of the most famous events in Philippine history: the discovery of the Philippine islands by Ferdinand Magellan and his subsequent death at the hands of local chieftain Lapu-Lapu. Continue reading “Summary of the American Colonial Period”. The Philippines, a large island archipelago situated off Southeast Asia, was colonized by the Spanish in the latter part of the 16th century. With the coming of Spain, the European system of education was introduced to the archipelago. Continue reading “History of Pampanga”. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. Tenant strikes and occasional violence occurred as the Great Depression wore on and cash-crop prices collapsed. The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence. At that time, Tagalog became the official language of the Philippines, this change having been decided about ten years later and having begun already to be implemented in the educational system. The Barangic Phaseof history can be noted for its highly mobile nature, with barangays transforming from being settlements and turning into fleets and vice versa, with the wood constantly re-purposed according to the situation. The written record of the Philippine Islands starts with the coming of the Spaniards. It was spread throughout Mindanao and also reached into Manila and Tondo before the Spaniards came to the Philippines and stopped its spread. Bautista also mentions Sanskrit influences, which also have contributed new words to these languages. Primary schools, colleges and universities were established in our country by the missionaries. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. Its leaders were not ilustrados. In 1942 the islands fell under Japanese occupation during World War II, and US forces and Filipinos fought together during 1944-45 to regain control. Manila: Bureau of Printing, 1959. Bataan is a province on the Bataan Peninsula of the large island of Luzon. They were sailing day and night across the big ocean In 1905 the party was renamed the National Progressive Party and took up a platform of independence. The Filipino languages have been influenced by many other language groups throughout their history, as well as being influenced by each other. The Philippines is named after King Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) and it was a Spanish colony for over 300 years. Also Read: 15 Most Intense Archaeological Discoveries in Philippine History In other stories, however, Apolaki was, in fact, the son of the supreme god of the ancient Tagalogs, Bathala . They grew rice and domesticated animals. The Spanish government needed these priests to conduct any business in the Philippines at all, because the people could not speak Spanish and the only way to communicate with them was through the priests who spoke their languages. On 4 July 1946 the Republic of the Philippines attained its independence from the United States. When Tagalog was chos… So whether you are part of … Politics during this era was personality-driven and organization was based on shifting alliances and contested loyalties set in a backdrop of constant inter … After many years of not teaching Spanish, those who had known it were older or had passed away, and it was lost as a major influence (although the native dialects continued to use borrowed words from Spanish). Don’t go straight home after attending a wake. Even though English is no longer the official language of the Philippines, it continues to be taught today along with Tagalog in the public schools. There were artisans who had various skills, laws that preserved peace and order, and a class structure that offered security for the members of the community. The Battle of Bataan was one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by imperial Japanese forces during World War II. The Nacionalista Party was formed in 1907 and dominated Filipino politics until after World War II. For many years, the people of the Philippines were satisfied to simply learn English and adapt to the new system (Frei, ). June 30, 1999. In addition, the priests did not want the natives learning Spanish because they considered themselves an elite classa better people than their Filipino counterparts. At this time Tagalog was not really set up as the national language. A summary of the history of the Philippines from prehistoric times to the arrival of the Spaniards and Portuguese. In 1873 additional ports were opened to foreign commerce, and by the late nineteenth century three crops—tobacco, abaca, and sugar—dominated Philippine exports. This superstition is called “pagpag” (the shaking off … In the 16th Century Spain claimed the Philippines for its own. But the Spaniards, in their religious zeal, destroyed the earlier records as completely as possible. Continue reading “History to the Arrival of the Spaniards”. The father of Philippine cinema, José Nepomuceno (1893-1959), was a successful photographer before … Continue reading “Magellan Song, Lyrics & Recoding”. Excerpted from The Filipino Americans (From 1763 to the Present): Their History, Culture, and Traditions, by Veltisezar Bautista. J. Nicole Stevens In addition, it was hard to conduct government in the native languages because there were so many of them, and a united language was desired. The Philippine government is now moving towards eased quarantine rules to bring back jobs and business activities, after the economy dipped into a steep recession during the first half of 2020. Filipinos take pride in their families. They were followed by an influx from Malaysia. The Spanish conquistadores reigned for nearly 400 years until 1898 when the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American War. The earliest political system used during the conquista period was the encomienda system, which resembled the feudal system in medieval Europe. Frei, Ernest J. When Philippines was discovered by Magellan In 2018, evidence was found suggesting that early humans may have reached the islands as far back as 700,000 years ago. In addition, the Malay people make up the largest percentage of the population in the Philippines (Bautista). For this reason, religion was a compulsory subject at all levels – from the primary schools to the universities. They have taken and adapted words from all of these languages to make them part of their own languages. The new Republic of the Philippines did not last long until American occupation began. Being all the way across the ocean and having very slow communication at the time helped them in their attempts to be slow in setting up these things. Continue reading “Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas (1521-1921)”, The sociopolitical and economic conditions in Pampanga before colonization by Westerners indicate that the Pampango people had a functioning and well-adjusted system of self-governance. In time, the crown determined that instruction in religion should be conducted in Spanish (or Castilian, as it was called). At first, the friars were encouraged to learn the local dialects in order to teach the people in their own languages. So, sit relaxed and take your time and good luck! The bones show evidence of having been cut with stone tools. The country's seventy to eighty dialects are derived from Malay languages. Many friars and priests were sent by the crown to teach Christianity to the native people. “Summary of the American Colonial Period”, on Summary of the American Colonial Period, “History to the Arrival of the Spaniards”, on History to the Arrival of the Spaniards. The first people in the Philippines were hunter-gatherers. It was part of the agreement of American occupation that in 1946, the Philippines would become independent of the US again. The history of the Philippine language dates back to the 1930s when the Commonwealth government insisted that there was a need for a national language, given the variety of languages spoken across the archipelago. However between 3,000 BC and 2,000 BC people learned to farm. The Philippine Revolution is one of the most important events in the country’s history, awakening a proud sense of nationalism for generations of Filipinos to come. The first Indonesians are thought to have come to the Philippines in groups, beginning some 5,000 to 6,000 years ago and again about 1500 B.C. The ilustrados formed the Federalista Party, but their statehood platform had limited appeal. There are more than 50 million speakers of Tagalog in the Philippines, mostly in the southern parts of Luzon, the archipelago’s largest island. Despite their “immediate independence” platform, the party leaders participated in a collaborative leadership with the United States. At this time, the different barangays traded openly with one another. However, Rizal, an important Filipino hero at the time who had been killed because of his involvement with the revolution, had brought a lot of attention to Tagalog by writing many papers in Tagalog and writing about the grammar, etc. Timeline of 400 years of Philippine history, as written in 1922. For a time, Spanish was still used in many areas, but in time more and more of the people learned English. They have, however, still maintained their own languages, and maintained separations from one language to another. American rule was interrupted briefly during World War II when the Japanese occupied the islands from 1941 to 1945. The rule of the United States over the Philippines had two phases. History of the Philippines People first reached the Philippines about 30,000 years ago, when the first people immigrated from Sumatra and Borneo via boats or land-bridges. Spain’s rule of the Philippines began soon after the explorer Ferdinand Magellan discovered the islands in 1521. The Philippines takes its name from Philip II, who was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century. Three dialects are of national importance: Cebuano in the southern islands, Ilocano in the north, and Tagalog, the language of the National Capital Region. 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