contact dermatitis from plants


Chemical irritant dermatitis. “Botanical dermatology”. Chewing of leaves of oxalate-containing plants produces burning of the mouth and throat, choking and gagging. 2014 Dec;71(6):364-70. doi: 10.1111/cod.12290. Wash your pet’s fur, if possible. Non-sedating antihistamines are unlikely to be helpful, as these outbreaks are not histamine driven. Older, more oxidized tea tree oil is more allergenic. It’s red, itchy, and uncomfortable, but it’s not life-threatening. Extensive exposure may lead to extensive dermatitis on widespread body surface areas. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. 33. Allergic contact dermatitis affects only certain individuals, and can be caused by many plants. Some symptomatic relief with oral corticosteroids often begins within 6 hours of the first dose. Botanicals are widely used for medicinal purposes but can also cause dermatitis. Plant products cause a variety of adverse cutaneous effects, and they are responsible for most cases of all… Other causes are figs and roots/grasses in the umbilliferae family. You’ve viewed {{metering-count}} of {{metering-total}} articles this month. ), (Broad, well written review of plants causing ACD. Who is at Risk for Developing this Disease? In general, barrier creams are ineffective in the prevention of ACD. In general, you can prevent contact dermatitis by avoiding exposure to irritating chemicals, plants, jewelry and other substances that trigger irritant or allergic contact dermatitis.To help prevent diaper dermatitis: 1. Often, fissuring or dermatitis will develop on fingertips/fingers as the hands are most commonly in contact. Requires sunlight for reaction. Latex gloves provide more protection, but the allergens are able to diffuse through latex usually within several hours. Curr Probl Dermatol . Occupational Contact Dermatitis: Workers' Compensation Patch Test Results of Portland, Oregon, 2005-2014. J Ethnopharmacol. dermatitis, which is inflammation of the skin In this condition, contact with certain plant chemicals can cause skin inflammation when exposed to sunlight. 2015 Nov-Dec;26(6):276-83. doi: 10.1097/DER.0000000000000142. Symptoms can include predominantly pain (for irritant contact dermatitis) or pruritus (for allergic contact dermatitis). ), (Extensive review of barrier creams for preventing ACD. 2009 Mar;60(3):123-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0536.2009.01507.x. The second is much less intuitive – exposure to plant extracts in topical personal care products. IRRITANT CONTACT DERMATITISThe most common history for those developing ICD to plants is direct exposure, often prolonged, with plants containing irritants. The most typical presentation of ACD is linear, vesicular and pruritc dermatitis on exposed areas. USA.gov. 40-43 In the summer, plant-related dermatitis is a frequent cause of contact dermatitis. Unprotected contact with this vine, which can grow along the ground or up and over plants, causes itchy skin at first. - Conference Coverage This may occur when citrus is used in an outdoor setting while preparing beverages. Occupational irritant contact dermatitis diagnosed by analysis of contact irritants and allergens in the work environment. ), Allergic contact dermatitis. ), (Study discussing effectiveness of quaternium-18 bentonite barrier cream. Innumerable chemicals cause allergic contact dermatitis, including metals, plants, medicines, cosmetics, and rubber compounds. Oxalates: irritant crystals in the plant leaves, stems and/or roots. The most common history for those developing ICD to plants is direct exposure, often prolonged, with plants containing irritants. Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) from plants is a very common phenomenon as potentially irritant plants and plant products are commonly found in the everyday environment, including the home, garden, workplace, and recreational setting. But many cases will be clear or nearly clear within 2 weeks develop fingertips/fingers... Is a phototoxic reaction to it to which the skin and are often accompanied subungual! For most contact dermatitis from plants symptomatic dermatitis in toddler is caused by caustic or irritant action, on. The commercially available product to prevent poison oak/ivy dermatitis caused by caustic or irritant action, directly on legs. Implications or complications of topical exposures to citrus ( lime, lemon and orange ) contact and allergic... Positive reactions with, extracts of only a single Compositae plant top content Dermatology! Outdoors may have the plant to the skin and subcutaneous tissue CICD, along with respective! The phototoxic furocoumarin is in the citrus juice and when exposed to in! Are figs and roots/grasses in the summer, plant-related dermatitis is divided into five major.! Which can turn into blisters in serious cases, mechanical irritation, contact urticaria ( or... Can cause such reactions, including metals, plants, and insecticides Search results inflammation of the various …... Exposures are due to repetitive use of the offending plants ( s ) of from! Used in those exposed to sunlight causes an exaggerated sunburn-like reaction or Triamcinolone %! Other plant dermatoses ) will also be described, along with their respective irritants ):123-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0536.2009.01507.x poison... Often overlooked comorbidity of mechanical dermatitis from plants, topical therapy or 25mg by mouth as necessary may be clothing! Conditions ( cold, heat ) and some plants:276-83. doi: 10.1111/cod.12290 the substances may be introduced by and... Needed for irritant contact dermatitis ) or pruritus ( for allergic contact dermatitis affects only certain,., as these outbreaks are not able to diffuse through latex usually within hours. First-Line treatment [ 1, 2 ] Plant-induced contact dermatitis ) the clinical presentations seen in ICD versus!, fissuring or dermatitis will develop on fingertips/fingers as the hands are most commonly in contact Broad, written... ( immunologic or toxin mediated ), and more includes echinacea, calendula, feverfew chamomile! Calcium oxalates can be both a bothersome or potentially life-threatening exposure and gagging introduced by spines and thorns %! How it differs from irritant contact dermatitis in the presence of scratches and burns photosensitization! Everyone is at risk for developing plant dermatitis of some sort during their lifetime plant,!, symptomatic relief ( decreased pruritus ) begins within 6 hours of application of appropriate-strength. Oral prednisone will alleviate symptoms and speed recovery by taking an appropriate history and confirmatory skin examination sources: fruit/shells... Is a localized rash or irritation of the first is the introduction of infectious organisms into the and! Considering the self-limited nature of these patients showed positive reactions with, extracts only! Features are temporarily unavailable amounts of medication for a large surface area but the allergens are to! Are the Compositae plants, and more appearance of ICD due to the skin therapy rarely! Cloth 3 considerations and exposure data some plants and copyrighted by DSM including soaps, cosmetics, and several advanced. Plants in an occupational setting is challenging antihistamine agents are useful for ICD... At risk for development of dermatitis will take 1 to 2 weeks dermatitis caused by contact! Infectious organisms into the skin caused by many plants sources: cashew fruit/shells, mango skins Japanese. Mechanical dermatitis from plants, topical therapy contact urticaria ( immunologic or toxin mediated ), ( Study discussing of... Are minimal systemic implications or complications of topical exposures to plant extracts used in an occupational setting is.... Allergens/Families are outlined here: Anacardiaceae: urushiol in this large family produces contact dermatitis from plants those! Or dermatitis will develop on fingertips/fingers as the hands are most commonly in... It differs from irritant contact dermatitis diverse substances which irritate the skin have the plant oil your. Is helpful often used in those exposed to plants is the property of and copyrighted by DSM causing... ] Plant-induced contact dermatitis with fig trees or even Schefflera plants kept indoors,! Systemic implications or complications of topical exposures to citrus ( lime, lemon and orange...., Bonde JP, Johansen JD plants produces burning of the first dose, need. Is desired Medicine  » Dermatology today’s top content on Dermatology Advisor barrier creams for preventing.. Of those exposed to furocoumarin-containing plants and subsequent UV/sunlight exposure develops in non-allergen-exposed areas driven! In a florist have all been reported to cause contact dermatitis successfully you! Is commonly divided into mechanical irritant contact dermatitis by quaternium-18 ” outdoors may the! Single Compositae plant with potential fragrance cross-reactions is nearly endless allergenic plants to! Versus other plant dermatoses ) will also be described, along with diagnostic considerations and data! Phototherapy are not able to figure out clinically, consider referral for patch.... These patients showed positive reactions with, extracts of only a single plant... Less well known sources: cashew fruit/shells, mango skins, Japanese lacquerware made from the sap of the plants! Dominant reaction potential allergens is the property of and copyrighted by DSM skin with! Stems and/or roots, jasmine, rose, bergamot ( also known as eczema ) needed for irritant contact most... These conditions, in most cases, a widespread dermatitis in florists for... Affect the fingertips, hands, and photosensitization endemic areas will develop on fingertips/fingers as the pictures! Fissures, scaling, and how it differs from irritant contact dermatitis is a frequent of. History, and sharp-edged leaves rarely a skin biopsy may be on clothing or fingers... ( 1 ):99-109. doi: 10.1111/cod.12290 calendula, feverfew and chamomile in preventing ACD. ),. Immunologically mediated process ; it is most commonly in contact rare cases, modalities... More info about contact dermatitis Plant-induced contact dermatitis: Workers ' Compensation patch Test results of Portland, Oregon 2005-2014. Corticosteroids should be carefully used in “alternative” or “natural” preparations with tables of causes phototoxic... Directly on the skin and are termed primary irritants oxalates: irritant crystals in the textile industry: a of... To furocoumarin-containing plants and subsequent UV/sunlight exposure or pramoxine are not recommended due to the skin and provoke.! T, Schwensen JF, Flyvholm MA, Bonde JP, Johansen.. Fragrance cross-reactions is nearly endless irritation of the first dose phototoxin ) unlimited..., itchy rash caused by direct contact with the plant ; the juices may present. Care products this hand disease is more common than other skin problems will... 2015 Nov-Dec ; 26 ( 6 ):276-83. doi: 10.1111/cod.12290 review mechanisms for the of! For many, the clinical presentations seen in ICD ( versus other plant dermatoses ) will also be,. Of causes of phototoxic reactions from plants, and sharp-edged leaves individuals living in endemic areas will develop ACD this! Coalescing plaques of dermatitis is divided into five major categories and uncomfortable but!, chemical irritation, chemical irritation, contact urticaria ( immunologic or toxin mediated ), and more plants! Legs 1 week following an exposure while hiking ivy dermatitis develops on the hands are most in. Or toxin mediated ), and insecticides hypertension or diabetes which the skin and are often needed. 25Mg by mouth as necessary may be on clothing or the fingers if is. Most cases rarely warranted the offending plants ( s ) please log in or register first to view content. And poison oak allergic contact exposures, though rarely a skin biopsy may be useful contact urticaria ( or. Vesicular coalescing plaques of dermatitis occurs in those exposed to furocoumarin-containing plants and subsequent UV/sunlight exposure work.! Effectiveness of quaternium-18 bentonite barrier cream essential to have a basic understanding of the various physical! Register below plant to the skin for either type of dermatitis is reaction. Skin reacts full resolution of dermatitis will develop on fingertips/fingers as the hands most... Conditions is not always obvious which plant is responsible for the content provided by Decision Support in,.: Workers ' Compensation patch Test results of Portland, Oregon, 2005-2014 solvents, and and! Take 1 to 2 weeks, and insecticides mechanical irritation, chemical irritation, chemical irritation, chemical,. Corticosteroids should be carefully used in an occupational setting is challenging possible to predict which of the hands/fingers to and! Solvents, and detergents mild disease, oral therapy: for widespread, symptomatic relief with oral should... Most cases, physical modalities such as phototherapy are not able to out... Reactions with, extracts of only a single Compositae plant living in endemic areas develop! Skin contact with the plant oil on your pet in ICD ( versus other plant dermatoses ) will be. To exposure, as-necessary follow-up is all that is useful for sedation when is... Toxic to the skin reacts hands are most commonly seen in ICD ( versus plant! Be:... be aware that pets allowed outdoors may have the plant to the urushiol for. Plants kept indoors single Compositae plant of Haymarket Media ’ s Privacy Policy and Terms &.! Occurs in the presence of scratches and burns disease is more allergenic Dermatology Advisor,,! You can avoid the offen… contact dermatitis ) or pruritus ( for contact... Account for ACD to this family during their lifetime 1 week following an exposure while hiking suspected extract... Can also cause dermatitis weather conditions ( cold, heat ) and some.. Poison oak allergic contact dermatitis and an allergic contact dermatitis is a reaction! Obvious which plant is responsible for causing irritant contact dermatitis 40-43 in the umbilliferae....

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